Neither meat nor fish: 500 personalities call the French to “Green Monday”

FIGARO DEMAIN – No longer consuming animal flesh at least once a week to preserve the planet. The idea is defended in a forum by Isabelle Adjani, Yann Arthus-Bertrand, Juliette Binoche but also many scientists. Explanations.

, 500 personalities are thus calling on the French to act on the climate by switching to “green Monday”: it is a question of not eating either meat or fish at least this day of the week. “Today there are compelling reasons to collectively reduce our consumption of animal flesh in France. We believe that each person can take a significant step in this direction, ”write 500 artists, scientists and conservationists in a column published on the website.

… Thus follow in the footsteps of Paul McCartney, Emma Stone, Woody Harrelson and the daughters of the famous Beatles, Mary and Stella, who launched this challenge in a video produced by Frenchman Yann Arthus-Bertrand.

Some of the signatories are already vegetarians, while others pledge to switch to “Green Monday” in 2019 by not eating fish or meat. The campaign, officially launched next week, is supported by several NGOs such as Greenpeace, WWF, L214, Bloom, Climate Action Network and Sea Shepherd.

What do the study signatories recommend to reduce our consumption of meat products? “Eating with plants rather than feeding animals with plants and then consuming them would release 2 to 20 times more protein per cultivated hectare, and therefore respond more rationally to the food challenges of the planet in a context of a growing population ”, respond in particular to the signatories of the forum. “Livestock is also a main cause of deforestation and loss of biodiversity. For example, 85% of the deforested areas of the forests of South America have been dedicated to animal husbandry ”. In addition, animal husbandry mobilizes a third of the arable land on the planet.

The goal of 500,000 registered this year

The 500 personalities also cite the chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), for whom “a meatless day can help fight climate change”. In fact, livestock contributes, according to the United Nations, to 14.5% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, or as much as the entire transport sector. For example, the production of one kilo of veal emits as much greenhouse gas as a car journey of 220 km. That of a kilo of beef is equivalent to a journey of 70 km. According to a study published in 2014 in the journal Global Environemental Change, replacing in the European Union between 25% and 50% of food derived from animals by plant food would reduce GHG emissions by 25% to 40%.

Animal husbandry also worsens air pollution. In fact, “the contribution of livestock to agricultural ammonia emissions is generally quite high and reaches 75% in France”, advance. Ammonia emissions are one of the main precursors of fine PM2.5 particles or among atmospheric pollutants “these are the last which represent the greatest risk to human health”, specifies.

“The environmental damage caused by the consumption of animal flesh is also observed at sea, where overfishing represents a massive cause of destruction of ecosystems and ecological extinction”, also specify the signatories of the forum.

Reducing your meat consumption is also directly beneficial for human health. Each French person consumes an average of 1.5 kilograms of meat per week, three times more than what nutritionists recommend. However, this overconsumption of meat products increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, cancer … “The 20% of people consuming the most red meat (nearly 100g / day on average) see their risk of developing cancer increase by 30% compared to to the 20% who eat the least (40g per day on average) ”, according to the results published in. Especially since, in developed countries, meat can be replaced by plants that provide proteins and nutrients that the body can assimilate.

Thus, to support those who wish to change their diet to protect the planet, the “Green Monday” project has a dedicated platform, like the one launched in 2009 by Paul McCartney and his daughters. It is thus possible to register on to receive advice and be accompanied in this process. Every Monday for a year, participants will have to say whether or not they are continuing their engagement. The site is targeting 500,000 registrants this year.


Le Figaro

Society, health, environment, education, energy


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