Taxes, wealth tax, retirement… What the participants in the national debate propose

Taxes, wealth tax, retirement… What the participants in the national debate propose

The French have been able for more than a week to submit contributions on the site of the great national debate. This initiative arouses the enthusiasm of Internet users, who multiply the proposals on economic and fiscal themes.

“But what did the State do in this mess”? This is the question that arises when we unroll the list of contributions on the site of the great national debate. For nearly ten days, Internet users have been able to respond by posting their proposals on the subject of their choice. It seems that the French have got into the game: as of January 31, nearly 123,500 participants have published, in total, more than 139,500 ideas. Among the four major themes, “taxation and public expenditure” has aroused the most reactions: at the heart of the mobilization of “yellow vests” for eleven weeks, this area has collected nearly 47,600 contributions on its own, for 40,600 participants, i.e. more one-third of the total.

A reading of the ideas posted makes it possible to make several observations. First, certain key subjects fascinate the participants and generate thousands of proposals. Then, the final analysis of all the contributions will undoubtedly represent an extraordinary challenge, as the task promises to be complex. Le Figaro looks back on the main themes highlighted on the platform in the fiscal and economic field.

● Lower the tax burden

With more than 8,100 submissions related to it, the keyword “taxes” is one of the most popular on the platform. The majority of contributors ask for better information on the use of public money and many point to the lack of “transparency”, in particular concerning the remuneration of public officials or committee leaders. We remember the recent controversy around, in charge of the National Commission for Public Debate (CNDP) which was initially to lead the debates. Some contributors suggest that the government send a letter to every citizen, while others suggest using the internet, school or the media to better present how the state budget is built and then used.

While the majority of contributions, the proposals take various paths to respond to them: a significant number suggests, for example, making the tax more progressive and “proportional” to the income of individuals, while others consider that it is necessary to “lower tax rates ”immediately. Still others are asking to put in place a compulsory tax for all, from one euro of income, to combat the stowaway syndrome: “42% pay income tax, it is not very egalitarian”, can -on thus read on the platform.

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● Reduce the state budget

The reduction in taxes desired by a large number of contributors finds its corollary in the fall in “expenses”, a subject which brings together more than 3,100 proposals. … Internet users are passionate about the public wallet and the way it is used. However, a not insignificant part of them does not necessarily require massive cuts in budget lines, but rather a reorientation to “spend better” in favor of the most needy.

● Rethinking pensions

The issue of seniors is a hit on the government platform: more than 2,500 proposals relate to the issue of “pensions” and 800 come back to the “CSG” last year. Lowering this contribution is one of the popular ideas, as is a reflection on retirement pensions, very often considered insufficient for a good life. This theme remains explosive: retirees to defend their purchasing power, which they consider in danger since the freezing or quasi-freezing of pensions.

● More “tax justice”

This is one of the flagship measures:. This word collects more than 3000 propositions, while “equality” gives rise to more than 1300 suggestions. The participants urge the State to fight against a social system perceived as being deeply inegalitarian and ask that everyone pay according to their means, in order to partially lighten the tax burden that weighs on the less fortunate. “Everyone must contribute according to their means to empower citizens,” writes one contributor. Many also wish to overhaul the system of tax loopholes, from which certain sectors of activity benefit, for example, in order to remove these “advantages” considered unfair.

● Fight against the “privileges” of elected officials

Among the popular proposals is the end of the “privileges” which benefit, according to the “yellow vests”, elected officials as well as deputies or former presidents of the Republic. Company car, allowance, retirement, housing… Many are asking for an end to these expenses, which are considered lavish and unnecessary. Among the examples cited are the “allowances for funeral expenses” which can benefit deputies, former elected officials and their families at the time of death. “Elected, set an example”, indignant and indignant an Internet user, who calls for an end to the “resettlement” of relatives.

● Set up a VAT at 0%

, the idea of ​​a VAT at reduced rate, or even zero, on essential products is gaining ground among contributors, who cite which food products, which pharmacy or personal hygiene. In exchange, an increase in this indirect tax on luxury products, alcohol or tobacco is suggested by Internet users to compensate for this shortfall. Highlight: the issue of fuels seems to have been forgotten, collecting less than 50 contributions.

● Tax exile, wealth tax, inequalities, employers: towards an increased contribution of the wealthy

Not surprisingly, the contribution of the richest to the economy and the social system is among the most discussed topics. The “rich” thus arouse more than 600 proposals, when the provokes nearly 250 of them. thanks to France pay their taxes in France ”. This subject has returned to the table in recent days, when Bruno Le Maire promised that a law. In general, more than 200 proposals encourage the fight against inequalities in all possible ways, by means of a better distribution of State resources, an increased fight against tax packages and tax exile. or even a strengthening of redistribution via taxes. Other suggestions, even more precise, suggest limiting the remuneration of “CAC40 bosses”, for example to “100 times the lowest salary in the company and 50 times the median salary”.

The question of the re-establishment of the ISF – – provokes as for it more than 1000 proposals. “Restoring and increasing” this contribution is not however the only suggested course: some propose to reform it, by forcing the most fortunate to invest this money in the real economy, for example via tax credits or tax deductions. .

● Businesses: for more “fair” taxation

Oddly enough, the keyword “business” only elicits a little less than 750 proposals in total. Very varied, the suggestions offer a jumble of lowering corporate taxes, stepping up the fight against tax evasion and optimization. However, a dichotomy appears in the suggestions: many separate large companies from small ones, and wish to tax large groups more to offset a reduction in the tax burden weighing on VSEs and SMEs.

In addition, around 150 Internet users (Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple and Microsoft), these internet giants who do not pay, according to contributors, a sufficient amount of taxes in France. The majority of the proposals on this subject therefore ask the State to act to “impose the Gafam on the turnover achieved” in France, while fighting against the tax optimization to which these companies regularly resort.

● Europe: the path to tax harmonization

If some of the 300 proposals on the European theme ask to leave the Union in order to cancel French participation in the Brussels budget, the majority seem to be asking for harmonization or, at least, tax consultation at the level of the 28. The The objective is simple: to put an end to the tax optimization practiced by companies, to fight against relocations and to put an end to the competition considered unfair of certain nations vis-à-vis French workers. This measure remains complex to implement, however, as long as the Union requests unanimity to take a decision on tax matters.

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