Macron law: by supporting 49-3, Gattaz is giving social dialogue an arm of honor

THE ECO SCAN – The President of Medef approves that certain measures modify the Labor Code without having been discussed by the social partners or the deputies. The main thing is that they go in the direction of companies. An opportunism that Laurence Parisot, his predecessor, rejected in the name of social democracy.

Times change in… We know, is not a big fan of. For the boss of the bosses, the time for major inter-professional negotiations leading to minimalist agreements or social summits of all kinds is over. “We must stop beating around the bush,” confided the president of Medef, two months ago, in one. If we remain in the register of the class struggle, it will take centuries to reform the country. And it will be too late. We can hold all the social conferences we want, but if we don’t launch ambitious reforms like Schröder and Hartz did in Germany, it will be useless ”.

Result, Pierre Gattaz understands without batting an eyelid the passage in force of the Macron law. “The use of 49-3 avoids risks, zigs and zags,” he confessed this Tuesday morning during his monthly press conference. The Macron law is generally going in the right direction even if it is not the liberal great morning (…), it is a dawn. I support the 49-3 if it allows to go in the right direction ”. He even went so far as to judge “a pity” that the Republicans (ex-UMP) decided to seize the Constitutional Council when the law is promulgated.

“I support the 49-3 if it allows to go in the right direction”

Pierre Gattaz, June 16, 2015

This support from the boss of the bosses, and as such the representative of the most important employer social partner, is shocking in many ways. By activating 49-3 on the Macron law, Manuel Valls wants to pass social provisions, such as the capping of allowances to or the extension from 2 to 5 years of the duration of employment maintenance agreements, which do not have never been discussed by the social partners. Some might see it as a denial of social democracy, coupled with a denial of parliamentary democracy (the measures in question having been discussed, and again quickly, only in a special committee) … endorsed by the president of Medef. A shame, even if the provisions we are talking about are clearly in the direction of employers and are considered, by all, rather favorable to businesses.

Pierre Gattaz’s attitude, which at least has the merit of consistency, also contrasts with what we have known in the past. Because such has not always. Remember: in June 2008, the government had passed in force by substantially modifying, in its bill on the representativeness of unions, a major provision of the common position established by four social partners (CGT and CFDT on the union side, Medef and CGPME on the employer’s side)… on the 35-hour week.

“We have to twist the blow every 35 hours, but why twist the neck at the same time to social dialogue? “

Laurence Parisot, June 29, 2008

At the time, the predecessor of Pierre Gattaz, had cried scandal, not on the substance (the measure pushed by, then Minister of Labor, went fully in the direction of companies) but on the form. The executive indeed imposed on the social partners its choice on a very sensitive point of labor law – in this case the relaxation of the possibilities of derogation from directly at the level of the companies – while the unions and the employers had come to an agreement. on less restrictive terms.

For the former face of Medef, the government was in force and lacked respect for the social partners. “We must twist the blow every 35 hours but why at the same time twist the neck to social dialogue?” She had criticized at the time, going so far as to speak of “political fault” for the right and asking the minister to Work to stick to the provisions set out in the text of April 9. In vain. Xavier Bertrand had held firm and his relaxation of the 35 hours had been voted by Parliament. An episode which has remained famous in the annals of social relations in France and which marked the beginning of the end of the era of social democracy under Nicolas Sarkozy…

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