Are they Slavic, Germni, Celtic or descendants of the original inhabitants of our country? According to bioarchaeologist Jarom Benee, the rulers of the mammoth genome influenced the current population and one-third of the population. The definitive gene population of the two bags was given to Europe and in the second millennium BC.
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One of the fields that will help me in determining the origin of the population of the country is archaeogenetics. It compares the DNA from archaeological remains with the DNA of the current population.
According to Benee, Eurasia, the area of the days of Europe and Asia, is not one of the world’s most genetically diverse. In this area, the genome has been in shape for a relatively long time. The most diverse genome is in the city of hunting, ie in sub-Saharan Africa, and so in Yin Arbia, in the region of Yemen. These are centers of gene diversity and there is far you variability in the human genome not in Eurasia.
New studies show a great genetic similarity between Czechs and Romanians. But genetically we are similar to the Bavarian and Polish populations. There are relatively large consensus, to Jaromr Bene, head of the Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Paleoecology at the Prodovdeck Faculty of the University of South Bohemia in the Czech Budjovice, who was a guest of ternny Rozstel.
Bioarchaeologist: The N genome is from aunt’s mammoth hunter, not even from Poland
Are we descendants of a mammoth hunter?
As for the mammoth hunter, the genetic nucleus of the European population was determined by those Early Paleolithic hunters, who seemed to be about 40 and 24 thousand years before our year, says Bene. This nucleus, which was formed by the mitochondrial group U, in a sense, is the fourth and third of the genome in Europe.
But that’s not important. During the advent of agriculture, the population that gradually penetrated through the Balkans into Central Europe became more prominent, and the heritage of this population is roughly one-third.
He gave the genetic element that shaped the European population, dating back to the Bronze Age. About 2200 and 1500 BC, Europe received a genetic population of two, which definitively formed it. And then the changes were very small, they did not substantially change the genetic map of Europe.
The Bronze Age is very significant. The original Neolithic population, which was largely made up of the Aegean population with the original native population (ie mammoth and silver hunters), was slowly accompanied by gradual migrations from the area north of the Black and Caspian Seas.
Who gave us the ability to survive cow’s silence?
There, according to Benee, there was a population that belonged to the property complex. According to a study by the Science Alert website, it has brought the technology of training horses and wheeled vehicles to Europe. In addition, their genetic gift to Europeans was the ability to keep the cow silent for a while. These people drank from the area of the North Caucasus area and the entrance to the Carpathian arch.
Current knowledge shows that from the Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age it was not a block exchange of the population. So that nations would be exchanged in the given city, Bene continues. So it just couldn’t work because most of the migrants were farmers. And if you move from city to city, they will be logistically organized in a very time. Prehistoric migrations were not random processes. These were logistically very time organized shifts that lasted several generations.
According to Benee, the situation around migration in Central Europe has changed significantly during the Iron Age, ie in the later period, which can be bordered on our land by the first millennium before this year and around the 6th century AD.
The Iron Age was characterized by the fact that society produced so many economic sounds that it released a group of young fighters, elite companions, who plundered and disproved Europe. But it was such points, describes the complicated situation of the bioarchaeologist.
Imagine a group of twenty and fifty fighters who know where they are going and take what they want, because they have a hard time. Such were the first Germanic tribes on our land.
According to Benee, it is wrong to confuse linguistic identity with biological identity, especially in this turbulent period. You could have been a German citizen, but you were Germn and you used Latin as your language.
they also occupied our land militarily and symbolically
ei, if we imagine them as an organized group to him who occupy an area, they reached our land sometime at the end of ptho or in the 6th century. And so they penetrated here militarily. Like before, the Germans penetrated the land, where the majority of Celtic was spoken.
even this, they occupied the country not only logistically militarily, but so symbolically. Historical sources such as Kosma’s or Dalimil’s chronicle describe the passage of the ancestor of Echo to Mr. Absolutely iconic symbol. And this cast was symbolically illustrated by the fact that they carried grandparents on their shoulders and chest, say Ben.
But it was not a matter of the old man, but of the gods, certain idols from the woods, which were symbolized by the ancestors. By bringing them to the sacred mountain with the old Indo-European name, they completed the act of occupying the land in the symbolic center of the Czech Basin.
According to Benee, this was not a block exchange of the Slavic population for the original Germanic German tribes. The population remained original, fixed elites were replaced. Archaeological finds prove it, for example in Roztoky near Prague.
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Jaromr Bene subsequently reiterated in Rozstel that, unlike sub-Saharan Africa or the Arbia region, the European population is not one of the world’s most genetically diverse populations. Nevertheless, people from the south of Europe are visually distinguished from the Scandinavian people by their age, hair color or skin color.
The hunter is a very plastic phenotype and has taken several generations to make some of the typical traits of the country from which it came, be suppressed or disappeared. And it’s not just those typical phenotypic traits like color ke and color o, pigmentation. This is your tolerance to lactation. For example, the southern European population is less tolerant and intolerant to lactation, free from intense freshness. Kdeto Scandinavians have a very high tolerance to lactose.
According to Benee, it is similarly adapted during its development very quickly. It doesn’t have to take a thousand years, sometimes several hundred centuries. But if we talk about the time of iron and let’s compare the population at that time with the bottom of the population, then they were the people who looked like us today. There in Central Europe we can not talk about snd skin colors.
Environmental archeology is the main specialization of Jaromir Benee. According to him, I can explain the following facts: People in Europe grew very early in their environment, so that the phenotypes affected them.
They adapted to the local environment. To the Central European people, it could brighten the sun due to the small amount. If we go in the direction of other Europeans, then gradually more and more people with dark hair are gaining ground.
So who are they according to Benee dnen ei? It is a typical Central European population, or let’s say a Central-Entrance European population, because a distance of several hundred kilometers does not play a long role in Eurasian space. It is a population that has most likely been adapted to the Central European area since the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Both pub and populian and cultural.
It is a population that was formed at the time when the Germanic tribes were formed in Central and Northwestern Europe and the Slavic language circle in Central and Northeastern Europe. But genetically, these units (Germni and Slovan) are very similar, because they are the original European population. If coming from the west of Ukraine or from the area north of the Tatras, it does not play much role, to Bene,
I would like to change one example that was published a few years ago. This is an interesting study by Dr. Jurasov from Krakow, Poland, which she published with Days and Other Members of International Darkness. It is a study of several burial sites from the Iron Age, ie from the time of the second and third centuries of our year.
To do this, they took about twenty specimens from the burials from the 13th and 14th centuries in the area, according to the bioarchaeologist. They performed an analysis of old DNA because it is one of the basic lines of research in which genetic material is isolated from the bones of earthly individuals, and compared these data with the current map of the genome in Central Europe.
They dreamed to the unequivocal belief that these populations from the Iron Age and the Middle Ages are crouching, are very similar in genetic haplotypes. And this old DNA is actually very typical for Czechs, Slovaks and Poles. Not much has changed, it just stayed at home.
And the theory is revived, which was once relatively iv in Poland. Thus, the population of the time of iron on the land of Poland was one of the sources of the Slavic element, adds Bene.
According to the bioarchaeologist, the Czech Slavic population, which drank to our land in the 5th and 6th centuries, comes from the Polish-Ukrainian area north of the Carpathian arch.