The great hardened airships, whose father became Ferdinand von Zeppelin, gained their historic place in air transport and in the air force. Tens of thousands of people tested it on the decks before the Great Wolf. The wolves were also used in the role of strategic bombers, but here they gradually lost their significance in favor of new large airborne aircraft.
It is safe to say that the name Zeppelin has become synonymous with airships for many. And because exactly a hundred years and three days ago – it landed so nicely today – Count Zeppelin died, let’s recall its importance and work in the field of aviation.
German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, a descendant of the Lechtice family, dating back to the 13th century, was born in 1838 in Constance at Lake Constance. For a long year he became a professional soldier, so he was commanded by a family tradition. After graduating from the cadet round he began military service in 1858 with the rank of lieutenant in the armies of the Wrttember Kingdom. As a young lieutenant, he still studied mechanical engineering and chemistry at the University of Tbingen at his own discretion, which much later suited him in the construction of airships.
In 1863 she went to practice in the United States of America, where at the time of the second year she was used by a civilian wolf. Here, on the North side, he first became acquainted with the packaging. And he enthusiastically agreed to be offered to sit in the balnov and break off the ground.
Ferdinand von Zeppelin during military service
After returning to the old continent, and it is interesting for us, he fought in the Czech lands, perhaps somewhere near Jin. It happened in the framework of the Prussian-Austrian wolves, and at that time the Wrttember kingdom was an ally of Austria, and from our point of view the earl was also very valuable. He met the packs again and the Prussian-French probhajc for the wolves in the years 1870 – 1871, when Wrttembersko was on the side of Prussia. Here, Zeppelin watched the French bales fly away from Pae’s clothes with the first, the sweat, and so on. And there was something to watch! There were 66 of those packages from Pae, so they had to make new and new ones there, and in addition, new airmen had to train, because of course they would be down (literally flew away) in a while.
But it wouldn’t be Zeppelin if he didn’t see the inconveniences of the baln in their invisibility. Such a package could be either tethered, or a classic observer, or free flight speed and wind direction. He considered the airship, in other words, powered aerostats, and therefore identifiable, to be much useful for military use.
Zeppelin’s offer, given that he was going to be an airman, did not meet with positive resonance. Not even nalhn put on enthusiasm even the ministry wolves did not bear fruit. Not that anyone would forbid Zeppelin from airships, and he is calm, not a bag in the army, but on his own T-shirt. And so Zeppelin, who had asked the lieutenant general in 1891, threw the soldier’s career behind his head and was temporarily retired so that he could fully devote himself to his dream.
Crazy Count from Lake Constance
Zeppelin returned to his native region to Lake Constance, where he was preparing to build the first airship. He meant air stiffening, which I can build in large enough dimensions, because only you can provide a large load capacity. Thanks to it, it will then have a long range and get a cargo, and in the form of passengers or air bombs.
Of course, Zeppelin did not invent the airship and was not the first to build the airship, there was such a certain in front of us. And he even acquired the first one to build an air-hardened one, but he was the first to build it practically usable, and in the greatest quantities his company subsequently produced them.
What exactly is an air balloon? The airship is divided into non-rigid, semi-rigid and rigid according to the basic design directions. For a superficial idea, we can imagine an uncured air gun as a package of elongated shape (in the horizontal direction). , or if kl.
On the other hand, the hard air is technically the most advanced. Even if it doesn’t look like that, you can’t see the bottom of the gas carrier body on the outside. The foundation of the structure is a rigid cigar-shaped skeleton, and metals and wood, inside which there is a number of gas compartments. The skeleton is then coated with clay (duralumin) or canvas. Even the rigid airship has a key, which evenly distributes the weight of the mounted equipment on the frame structure and also serves as a connecting road for the entire length of the airship. Thanks to their rigid construction, these airships can withstand winds and can be driven dynamically upwards (ie with the pd raised) as well as lowered (with the pd tilted down).
The first stiffened air in the world was the work of David Schwarz.
The first solidified air of small dimensions was built in 1896 by David Schwarz. It was a bag lined with tar. As if it wasn’t enough that he died of a heart attack shortly before her first regular flight, but when pilot Ernest J. went the first time he crashed into the ground on the first flight, he completely destroyed it. Sm natst came out of the dark without a hunt.
It is interesting that Schwarz built his airship with the support of the army, while Zeppelin, as we know, did not have this esteem. There is also interesting information that Schwarzov’s widow sold Zeppelin a full amount. This, however, will most likely be the bore that the Count’s collaborators have drilled. After all, at first glance, Zeppelin’s airborne looked much more mature than the Schwarzv experiment, which resembled an artillery projectile in shape (moreover, unsuccessful).
The activities of Count Zeppelin earned him a nickname in the poten fzch The crazy count, that is crazy count. It wasn’t as the hunter would have imagined, and it was all so conspicuous. Don’t just hide the airgun, and if you hide it, don’t hide it. And then, a hundred to fly, she fell, and the taunts just poured.
The first Zeppelin airship LZ 1 over Lake Constance
It has been ten years since Zeppelin left the army, before his first airship named LZ 1 (Luftschiff Zeppelin – airship Zeppelin – type 1) took off. This premier rush, which he reached in July 1900, was caused by sweat and accidents, which led to the collapse of his business.
Thanks to his perseverance and nationwide gathering, when, among other things, a volunteer pirate selected to drink a glass of beer throughout Germany, Zeppelin was able to build an airship, and in 1907 the horse was able to support itself. In the autumn of 1908, he even drove the corps of German Crown Prince Vilma Prusk in one of his airways. He came to his airship to take the sm csa Vilm II.
After the presented accidents and emergency pistons of some ranches, Zeppelin (LZ 2, LZ 4) was not on the part of the army for an airship and such an interest as Zeppelin and his collaborators imagined. He therefore decided to tighten the force to civilian air transport. Other such thoughts, ie the use of an airship for passenger transport, challenged Mr. Count from the very beginning of what he began to think about them.
In 1909, the first airline in history with the name DELAG (Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft) was founded in Frankfurt am Main. The secret capital of the three million marks belonged to 2.6 million states, respectively large German cities (Frankfurt, Dsseldorf and others) and 400 thousand was invested by Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH.
Although we have a big idea here that DELAG was the first air transport company, in fact a large volume of their performance eventually slept in the training of aeronautical crews for military zeppelins.
Period postcard with a zeppelin over northern Berlin
In any case, DELAG boasts interesting statistics. A total of 7 airships gradually appeared in its fleet: LZ 6, LZ 7 “Deutschland, LZ 8“ Deutschland (compensation for the destroyed LZ 7), LZ 10 “Schwaben, LZ 11“ Viktoria Luise, LZ 13 “Hansa and LZ 17“ Sachsen (note: let’s talk about the preoccupation of activity, the society was restored among wolves and provided new airships for transatlantic connections and to the end of Hindenburg).
Until the outbreak of wolves in the summer of 1914, when the activity of DELAG was terminated, the regular transport of people and sweat was not started, the summer was flying. Thus, in addition to training military crews, the company mainly provided irregular intercity passenger transport and regular search trips.
We will not spill a time-situated family with children on Sunday’s flight from the future military troops: the DELAG flew a total of 1588 years, flew 172,535 kilometers and transported about 34 thousand people, of which only about ten thousand were paid. The pre-designed DELAG aeronautical operation was characterized by unprecedented safety, and there was no damage to the health of passengers.
The first rushes of the DELAG company also aroused the interest of patina cities on military zeppelins. The army took only two zeppelins into its foundation, while from 1910 until the wolf arrest, they traveled to the armd devt and to the monk. The wolf then I eat from the wind.
Zeppelin airship in military service
When the wolf began, the large stiffened airships, unlike the aircraft of these air, were usable for the so-called strategic bombing (in the wolf washed in terms of type and distance of customs, not in terms of range). The planes, including the Russian thymotor masons, could not match them in terms of range and bombing.
The Czechoslovak army and the monastery deployed zeppelins, among other things, to the bombing cities in France, but especially in England, where they reached uritch spch. The presumption of their fighting activities was a survey of long-term debt. For the entire wolf, 231 bombing flights and 1189 reconnaissance flights were undertaken.
In Britain, the German airship undertook 51 flights, where several such ships usually stopped. At first, it was difficult to bomb London, because in London the British royal family was blood related to the German county William II. In short, this detail grew bothered and London became the main customs duty, the wolf is the wolf. In Britain, airmen dropped 5,806 bombs weighing a total of 196 tons. The loss of the local population killed 557 people and injured 1,358.
A view of a bombing zeppelin from a period press. Note the separate gas compartments. In fact, this was not the case, as the cover and walls and duralumin structures are removed for the sake of clarity.
The service of the open airmen was dangerous. Due to anti-aircraft artillery fire and stham, the zeppelin bomber mission moved to the night, but from this point of view, the nights were silent. In addition to the flight deck, they were given a defense to the zeppelin of their flight. Therefore, their crews also had an oxygen device available. Those bags were in their diapers and plagued with defects. At the same time, it happened that the airmen were paralyzed by the lack of oxygen above the target and unable to take any meaningful action, if this could be described as bombing.
Over time, the number of air units in the United States gave and gave special urns for fighting airships (and classic bombers, which began to appear over England from 1917). Sthai planted stellar plants with the German airship. There was also a bombing of their composition by planes taking off from the first aircraft carriers, or planes taking off from surface mosques and transported to the take-off area carrying hydrofoils.
How piel Zeppelin k tkm bombardrm
If Count Zeppelin was characterized by anything, it was the perseverance with which he was able to follow his goal. Thanks to him, he was able to overcome not only the very attitude of the German army leadership towards his first airships at first, but also the financial problems he had encountered at the time. On the other hand, Zeppelin’s endurance gradually began with an airship on the code. In disputes with young constructors, he often tried stubbornly to promote his conservative views on their construction.
At the age of his bag, Zeppelin did not stand, or he did not want to resist such force, so he was pushed out of the decisive position at the airships just before the wolves broke out. This had a positive effect not only on those airships, but the Count founder managed to go to the classic large aircraft. With my vision for the fact that extremely slow airships are not the right thing to do in the future.
According to his design, the largest Serial aircraft of the time Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI was created. It was a machine of a new category of commercial aircraft R (Riesenflugzeuge) designed so that mechanics can access the engines even in flight. This was done, for example, by a local mechanic in a station directly in the engine nacelles. In addition, they also performed the function of on-board guns protected by machine gun bombers firing against Neptelian fighters.
Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI was a thymotor biplane with a spacing of 42.2 m and a length of 22.1 m, the area of which was a respectable 332 m². The take-off weight reached 12 tons, of which the bombs were 1800 kg. The machine was able to develop a maximum speed of 135 km / h, the range was 800 km. The crew consisted of seven men, who had 5 mobile machine guns to defend.
Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI was the most manufactured German large aircraft of category R. This primacy was achieved by 18 manufactured pieces.