How Amerian decided to titanium gas. And for the dark they grew up

In the United States, less than a century ago, there was a noticeable attempt at natural gas to extract natural gas. the wall succeeded, but it is better to never get to the customers.

When, after a kind of worlds, the divisions in nuclear armaments between the USA and the USSR broke out, a huge nuclear industry emerged in both countries. Twenty years after the wolf, he made warheads figuratively shaped like planks, so they had a total of about 40,000 warheads (30,000 of them from the USA). Understandably, the use of nuclear warheads was considered. And so it happened that between 1961 and 1973 there were 27 nuclear explosions on the ground of the USA. They were diverse, for example, the possibility of nuclear building dams. According to the ongoing evaluation of the result of the project, the possibility of others proved to be the most promising: the use of nuclear fuels in the extraction of natural gas.

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Schematic of the Gasbuggy ped and po experiment. As it was, the nlo was stored about 1,300 meters underground. The energy of the explosion was supposed to disrupt the surrounding rock, create a small house that rose – and above all it was supposed to cause the rock to crack, from which gas should then be released to the well.

A total of three tests were performed within your subroutine. The first, right as the Gasbuggy Experiment, took place before the felt, on December 10, 1967. A well-drilled well in New Mexico was selected for its construction. Geologists and physicists hoped the explosion could change that, loosening the locks in the perches around the well.

Nuclear stimulation was just a little bombastitj version of the two methods used. Geologists at this time knew that the detonation of nloe in small productive wells could lead to an increase in production. The hope was that nuclear power could be more cost-effective than the use of common cells.

A nuclear engine of 29 kilotons was used, which detonated at a depth of 1288 meters below the surface. The explosion created a large building of about 100 meters and a small diameter of about 50 meters. He was unstable, of course, and he collapsed in a matter of seconds. What was important for the gas, the explosion in the surrounding rocks created cracks extending to a distance of about 60 meters from the house. Thus, the gas originally trapped in the surrounding glass began to penetrate into the place of the original house.

During the year after the nuclear experiment, the well produced more gas than in the previous seven years. In addition, it turned out that the experiment did not lead to groundwater pollution in the following years.

The project continued with further detonations in Colorado. The second was the so-called Project Rulison in 1969 and the last one took place on May 17, 1971 in Colorado. During it, even those nloe with a slew of 30 kilotons were used at depths of 1758, 1875 and 2015 meters. It was originally assumed that in the event of a hurry, over the next years and decades, gas deposits in the Rocky Mountains could be used for specially modified nuclear vessels, but this will never happen.

The main need was that the gas obtained was relatively highly radioactive in all cases. It contained tritium, a radioactive isotope of vodka (isotopes are different variants of a single element with a different neutron sweat, ed. the series never gave permission to reach the users, the private companies involved in it did not rush in it. It was not so much about health security, in the first place everyone feared the reactions of the public, especially the new environmental movement is being formed.

From a technical point of view, it was not an inevitable problem. Raw materials from commonly used can also be found to be slightly radioactive, and the task industry has developed procedures for dealing with it. Even with gears on a par with those from nuclear wells. The artificial gas flow from the stove to other American households was a PR non-measure, even if the radiation values ​​were passed and it paid off to bring them to the level required by the standards.

View of the well (vp

A look at the borehole (front), where the Gasbuggy project took place in 1967. Today, regular monitoring is carried out, which has not yet revealed anything unusual.

It was equally important that the atomic path to gas began to appear as a path. In 1974, 82 million dollars were invested in the nuclear stimulation program at the time (ie about 400 million in days). Experience has shown that even in the medium term, the return on the whole approach was deeply delayed, according to estimates, after 25 years, only 15 and 40 percent of the deposit could be drilled, and so the whole project was stopped.

Thus, unconventional natural gas reserves remained out of reach, but only until about the turn of the millennium. Since the 1980s, the federal government has supported a low-cost program for the development of new methods, which have led to the development of horizontal borehole technology and the increased heating of gas-bearing layers by pressurized liquid, the so-called fractionation plant.

Thanks to technological progress, they eventually turned to practice and in place of the original experiments. During the first decade of the 21st century, for example, more than 80 people were allowed to explore within five miles of the city’s last attempt (Fawn Creek, Colorado). The eleven was even allowed in the immediate vicinity of about two kilometers from the well site.

lnek was taken from the magazine The world is full of energy and was edited. You can find the original on this page.

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